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    《聲音素材的獲取和處理》教學設計

    《聲音素材的獲取和處理》教學設計

      ● 教學內容分析
      《聲音素材的獲取和處理》是高職《多媒體技術應用》第三章中的一節內容。本課要求學生掌握聲音媒體的采集與制作,能綜合運用音頻處理技術進行制作、編輯及合成音樂。
      ● 學情分析
      學生對于多媒體音頻處理軟件已本文由論文聯盟http://收集整理有所了解。通過前面幾節課的學習,學生對于音頻的處理有一定的認知能力,但靈活運用音頻處理技術進行專業化的制作、編輯、合成音樂還存在一定難度。本節課主要運用任務驅動教學法突出重點、突破難點,并注意分層教學,讓所有學生都能有所收獲。
      ● 教學目標
      知識與技能目標:了解聲音素材獲取的途徑和方法,認識常見的聲音文件格式,掌握聲音的插入、合并、混音等編輯手段。
      過程與方法目標:從簡單的“錄音機”軟件入手,體驗如何充分挖掘軟件功能,解決實際問題;尋找功能更強大的軟件,提高處理問題的效率,激發求知欲。
      情感態度與價值觀目標:通過實踐操作感受到,不能只是對音樂、音效感興趣,更要培養自己對聲音的制作與處理能力;體驗計算機文化對陶冶思想情操、豐富文化生活所起的積極作用。
      ● 教學重、難點
      重點:了解聲音素材的獲取與處理方法。
      難點:掌握利用音頻處理軟件total recorder進行消聲、混音等效果的處理。
      ● 教學過程
      1.情境導入,激發興趣
      師利用多媒體播放配樂散文《琴水漫夜》。www.zhidachem.com
      師:作為信息技術專業的學生,不僅要懂得欣賞美、享受美,更要去創造美。《琴水漫夜》這段音頻由朗讀聲音和背景音樂混合而成。那么,這段朗讀的聲音是怎么獲取的?其中的背景音樂又是怎么添加上去的呢?本節課我們就一起來探究聲音素材的獲取與處理。
      2.新課講解
      (1)基礎知識學習
      師利用ppt課件展示聲音、語音、音樂及效果的概念圖,如下圖。
      師:被數字化了的聲音稱為“音頻”,聲音文件也就隨之被稱為“音頻文件”。根據音頻記錄和存儲方式的不同,數字音頻具有不同的格式。
      師利用ppt課件展示音頻的格式與獲取方法。
      ①音頻文件的格式(如下頁表)。
      ②音頻的獲取方法:從硬盤、光盤上獲取音頻資源;利用互聯網獲取音頻資源,常用到的網站有:中國音樂網(http://www.music.cn.net)、素材網 (http://www.pic00.com/sound)、聲音網(http://www.5d5y.com/)等,當然搜索引擎的應用也會提供不少幫助。
      師:我們已了解了音頻文件的格式以及它的獲取方法,現在就行動起來,通過錄音機軟件獲取聲音素材,并對其編輯處理。
      (2)演示操作
      教師演示操作利用“錄音機”軟件進行音頻文件的錄制,引導學生總結出音頻文件錄制的基本方法:接入話筒→調節音量→打開windows中的“錄音機”→錄音→結束錄音→保存錄音文件。
      3.任務驅動,合作探究
      (1)任務一
      師:請同學們用錄音機軟件進行錄音,分組完成,我們比一比哪個小組完成的時間最短。
      設計意圖:因為先前教師進行過演示,任務一的實踐相對簡單,通過任務一的模仿實踐,讓學生熟練掌握聲音錄制的基本方法,為后續的學習奠定基礎。
      (2)任務二
      師:total recorder具有在線錄音功能,能夠錄制播放器和其他程序產生的

    聲音,以下我來講解它的使用方法。
      師利用ppt課件展示使用方法:打開tota→recorder錄音機程序→設置錄音參數,選擇錄音源→單擊“更改”按鈕選擇聲音文件格式→開始錄音(在線錄音時可先按下“錄音”按鈕,再播放聲音,total recorder在有聲音信號時才真正開始錄音)→播放有聲音的文件;保存錄音文件。
      師:請同學們自己動手用total recorder進行錄音和編輯處理。
      設計意圖:total recorder程序相對“錄音機”軟件功能較強大,任務二是對任務一的鞏固和拓展。在任務一的基礎上,通過完成任務二讓學生自主探究如何設置參數、選擇錄音源,并在教師的引導下總結出兩種軟件的不同點。
      (3)任務三
      師演示插入聲音、混聲、音頻片段的截取,學生邊觀察邊獨自完成這三個操作。
      生思考:怎樣將一段聲音分割成兩段聲音?怎樣將兩段聲音合并成一段聲音?怎樣刪除中間一段聲音?怎樣將一段聲音與另一段聲音混合起來?
      師提示:能否用較為簡單的方法來解決以上這些實際問題?
      生展示自己的作品,體驗成功的喜悅,收獲失敗的經驗。
      設計意圖:任務三體現了音頻處理軟件的強大功能,是本節課的重、難點。教師通過3個演示,設置層層遞進的階梯、化整為零、降低難度,突破難點。學生通過任務三的完成,進一步提高了綜合實踐操作能力,體會到了音頻處理軟件的魅力所在。
      ● 課堂小結
      師:獲取和播放聲音是我們必備的能力,處理聲音更是信息技術專業學生必備的基本功。對于“錄音機”軟件,或許大家早已熟知,但我們究竟對它的了解有多少,又應用了其中多少功能?今天的學習應該或多或少給了我們一些啟示,對total recorder的體驗不僅讓我們打開了新的視野,還增添了許多樂趣,“學無止境”這句話在信息技術學習中意義尤為深刻。作為信息技術專業的學生,更需要擅于思考和研究問題,才能駕馭不斷涌現的新技術。
      設計意圖:通過簡單的歸納總結,讓學生明白對音頻處理軟件的學習還遠不止于此,進一步激發學生深入探究的興趣。
      ● 拓展
      師布置課后思考題:能否像文字處理軟件word那樣方便地進行聲音的插入、刪除、移動等編輯工作呢?“眼保健操.mp3”是一張老唱片的錄音,能否將其中一些“吱吱咋咋”的噪音去除呢?
      設計意圖:音頻處理軟件繁多,功能強大,在學習本節課的基礎上,課后可以自主探究,體驗軟件的強大功能,繼續激發和保持學生學習音頻處理軟件的興趣,并為下面的學習奠定基礎。
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  •  更新時間:2013-09-12 13:00:15  作者:張林娣 [標簽: 聲音 聲音 聲音 聲音 聲音 下載 聲音 ]
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