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    歷史教學語言的藝術魅力

    歷史教學語言的藝術魅力

      如果說歷史教學是一門藝術,那么歷史教學語言就應該是充滿了藝術的魅力。對于歷史教師來講,如何用生動的語言將乏味枯燥、年代久遠的歷史轉化為通俗易懂、生動形象的歷史,并讓學生體味到其中的博大與精深,是非常重要的。“善教者,使人繼其志”,上好一節生動形象的歷史課,需要達到以下基本要求:
      一、嚴謹、準確,具有科學性
      首先,語言表達要準確,無概念本文由論文聯盟http://收集整理
    性的錯誤和模棱兩可的結論,這是對歷史教學語言提出的最基本的要求,也是最高的要求。“師者,傳道授業解惑也”,對于歷史人物的介紹和歷史事件的講述,必須符合客觀史實。在得出歷史結論時,要做到“史論結合,論從史出”。只有這樣,才能讓學生樹立正確的歷史觀和價值觀,也有助于培養學生科學的分析問題和解決問題的能力。比如我們在講北伐戰爭時,按照教材的編排去講述歷史背景、目的、經過、勝利的原因,但是北伐真的勝利了嗎?回到前面的目的“打倒帝國主義,推翻軍閥,統一中國”,只能說是在軍事上取得基本勝利。所以教師要特別注意用詞的準確性,這樣才能真正達到“授業解惑”的目的。
      要做到歷史教學語言的準確嚴謹,一方面需要不斷加強教師的歷史專業知識,吃透教材,重視教參。同時要努力鍛煉自己的文學素養,文史結合,用豐富的語言能力征服學生。此外,在備課時盡量細心,不要遺漏任何知識疑點或難點,爭取教給學生的是準確無誤的歷史事件或歷史人物等。www.zhidachem.com
      二、言簡意賅、簡潔明快
      恩格斯曾說過:“言簡意賅的句子,一經了解就會牢牢地記住、變成口號,而這是冗長的論述絕對做不到的。”所以在歷史課上,我們盡可能用最簡潔的語言講課,不拖沓、不啰嗦,做到“豐而不余一言,約而不失一詞”,這樣有助于學生對歷史知識的記憶和理解。比如在學習“北魏孝文帝改革”的內容時,教師可以用這樣的語言進行概括:“說漢語、穿漢服、改漢姓、用漢制、用漢禮法。”用這樣簡潔明快的語言,不僅激發了學生學習的熱情,而且提高了學習效率,同時還有助于提高學生概括歸納知識重難點的能力,可謂一舉三得。
      所以,歷史教師要通過充分的備課,以高屋建瓴的能力,將歷史知識化難為易、變繁為簡,同時還要盡量避免一些“口頭禪”或者不必要的重復。這樣,經過精心打造的簡潔流暢的語言,就像知識的源泉,不斷迸發出溪流,并與學生產生共鳴,達到了最佳的教學效果。
      三、詼諧幽默、生動形象
      德國著名學者海因茲·雷曼麥曾經說過:“用幽默的方式說出嚴肅的真理,比直截了當的提出更能被人接受。”我們要想抓住學生的心,讓學生喜歡并愛上歷史,首先就要把歷史講得活靈活現,讓學生有如見其人、如聞其聲、如臨其境的感覺。如“力拔山兮氣蓋世,……奈若何!”,在教師的吟誦下,學生會深刻感受到項羽那段悲壯的歷史,激起學生學習這段歷史的興趣,同時也更愿意或更容易去理解那段歷史。相反,如果教師的語言平淡、呆板、缺乏吸引力,這樣學生聽起課來味同嚼蠟、昏昏欲睡,當然談不上學習興趣或者學習的效果。
      要做到歷史教學語言的幽默、形象,教師一定要注意在平時的學習過程中加強積累,多看一些與歷史有關的紀錄片、書籍報刊,如《百家講壇》、《明朝那些事兒》等,一方面增長了見識,可以在課堂上信手拈來,另一方面學習一下紀連海和易中天兩位先生用抑揚頓挫、詼諧幽默的語言來講述歷史的方法。
      四、啟迪暗示、點撥引導
      對于歷史教師來說,趣說歷史固然很重要,但是更重要的是要讓學生在認識和了解史實之后,更深層次的理解在特定的歷史條件下,應該如何認識或評價這些事件或人物,并且對當今有何啟示,而這些往往又是本節課的教學重點或難點。也就是說,我們授課過程中,務必做到有計劃有目標的組織教學,不能脫離主干知識而漫天空談。用什么樣的方法才能既抓住重難點又能讓學生更容易的理解掌握這些知識,評書語言中的“賣關子,留懸念”的方法可以在教學過程中借鑒,由此來激發學生的學習興趣和求知欲望。
      綜上所述,在歷史課堂教學中,教師語言的藝術對于學生歷史興趣的培養、歷史知識的學習和歷史能力的培養都起著非常重要的作用。隨著歷史新課改的深入,歷史教師一定要通過不同的途徑,努力汲取新的知識,提高歷史語言的素養,做讓學生“親其師、信其道、樂其學”的優秀歷史教師。

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  •  更新時間:2013-09-12 13:01:32  作者:李燕飛 [標簽: 歷史 藝術魅力 集寧 歷史 語言 ]
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    淺談歷史情境教學中的語言再現法
    伊朗語言歷史的變化
    談歷史語言課堂提高教學效率
    用歷史學科語言解決問題
    歷史課教學實效及其語言藝術性探索
    談歷史高效課堂中如何運用語言藝術
    歷史課堂教學語言藝術之我見
    歷史教學語言的基本要求
    新課標高中歷史語言教學藝術
    當代中國文化外交戰略的歷史嬗變
    將傳統文化融入小學作文教學之我見
    試論西方文化背景在英語教學中的作用
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