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    歷史課堂教學語言藝術之我見

    歷史課堂教學語言藝術之我見

      一、要有一定的啟發性
      歷史是一幅畫,這幅畫還有血有肉、生動形象。歷史教師在講述歷史的時候,要把抽象化的東西變得形象化,這
      樣才有助于學生對知識的想象。教師要做到這一點,還是比較困難的。因為這些都要求教師的閱讀量要足夠強大,語言要足夠精煉并且耐人尋味。舉一個例子來說,鴉片輸入的情境以及給中國帶來哪些危害。這就需要教師本文由論文聯盟http://收集整理
    用生動形象的語言來描述鴉片以及當時人們吸食鴉片的情景,讓學生仿佛能身臨其境,利用語言藝術的魅力讓學生印象深刻,并且激發學生對歷史問題的思考。
      教學語言的啟發性主要體現在三個方面,一是語言的形象性;二是語言的鼓勵性;三是語言的思考性。教師在進行歷史教學的時候,就要考慮到這三方面。換一句說就是,歷史教師要用語言來激發學生對歷史這門課程的興趣,從而調動學生學習歷史的積極性和自覺性。
      二、要有易懂性
      我們所謂的歷史教學語言,是指教師在教學的這個過程中,給學生傳播歷史知識,從而可以影響學生發展的一種語言。歷史語言教學的主要對象是學生,因此它的效果也就只能通過學生所受到的影響體現出來。效果是否充分體現要滿足兩個要求,一是學生要聽得懂;另一個是學生要喜歡聽。首先,要讓學生能夠聽得懂。教師在進行歷史教學的時候就要考慮到學生的實際年齡,即學生理解能力的水平,教師的講解既要通俗易懂,也要具有比較深刻的觀點。這兩點聽起來似乎有些矛盾,但是如果能把這兩點有機結合,其歷史教學的語言藝術也就容易掌握了。www.zhidachem.com其次,讓學生喜歡聽。教師在進行歷史講述時,要用具體的例子來使教學內容變得更加豐富,事件要敘述清楚并且要形象生動,能夠喚起學生的積極性和興趣。
      總而言之,歷史教師在進行教學的時候,要把書面語言轉換成通俗易懂的口頭語言,充滿感情色彩,要使歷史事件緊湊扣人,促使學生有了解下去的濃厚興趣。教師在進行歷史教學的時候還要用多樣化的語言來表達不同的歷史環境,不僅要把歷史事件和歷史規律描述清楚,還要根據學生的情緒變化來增強語言的感染力。
      三、歷史教學語言的規范化
      在前面我們也提到歷史教學語言實際上就是一種以歷史的知識為基本內容的教學,學生必然是主要施教對象,因此教師要用語言正確表達自己的思想,并且語言要達到規范化和精確化,詞匯要豐富,特別是一些修辭的語言技巧等,這些都是需要特別注意的事情。
      歷史學科有一特點,就是語言必須要有歷史、有依據,換一句話說就是要做到內容準確、用詞嚴謹,因為歷史不是玩笑。舉一個例子來說,“王權”和“皇權”是不同的。教師在進行講解時一定要講解清楚,要讓學生分得清楚這兩者的區別。
      總而言之,歷史教師要想把歷史課上好,教學語言是基本功。歷史教師在平常講話的時候要養成良好的習慣,從生活中來提高自己的語言表達水平,增強語言的藝術性,從而提高歷史教學的質量,重點是要激發學生對歷史的興趣,因為興趣是最好的老師。當然,歷史教師并不是語言文學家,所以不可能達到盡善盡美的效果,但是歷史教師要盡最大的努力,不斷探索歷史課堂教學中的語言藝術。

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  •  更新時間:2013-09-12 13:01:37  作者:佚名 [標簽: 語言 歷史 有效 歷史 歷史 模式 ]
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    發表評論請遵守中國各項有關法律法規,評論內容只代表網友個人觀點,與本網站立場無關。
    淺談歷史情境教學中的語言再現法
    伊朗語言歷史的變化
    談歷史語言課堂提高教學效率
    用歷史學科語言解決問題
    歷史課教學實效及其語言藝術性探索
    談歷史高效課堂中如何運用語言藝術
    歷史教學語言的基本要求
    歷史教學語言的藝術魅力
    新課標高中歷史語言教學藝術
    當代中國文化外交戰略的歷史嬗變
    民族文化進課堂實踐研究綜述
    基于初中歷史多媒體教學的探討
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