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    談歷史語言課堂提高教學效率

    談歷史語言課堂提高教學效率

      1、語言要簡潔明快,增強有效性
      簡潔的教學語言才是最優美的語言。因為語言的簡潔才會使得課堂內容變得生動,不拖沓冗長,不令人乏味,才會使學生從繁冗的教學內容下解脫出來,有時間進行學習、消化、吸收,才會給學生留下思考的余地與空間。文學家契訶夫說“簡潔是天才的姊妹”。所以,在一節歷史課上,盡可能用簡潔的語言進行授課,則會使課堂節奏更加快捷,內容更加豐富,結構更加完整,從而獲得事半功倍的效果。本文由論文聯盟http://收集整理
    如在學習《北方民族大融合》時,教師引導學生對北魏孝文帝改革的六項內容,可以用簡潔的語言進行概括:(1)說漢語;(2)穿漢服;(3)改漢姓,(4)與漢聯姻;(5)用漢制;(6)用漢禮法。通過這種方法,學生不僅對繁雜的歷史知識記得準、記得快、記得牢,而且養成了善于思維的好習慣,激發了學習的熱情。簡潔的語言不僅優美明快,而且提高了效率。同樣的事情,如果能用更簡潔的語言表達清楚,既能贏得時間,也能節約能源,還會最大限度地贏得機會。在歷史教學中充分運用簡潔明快的語言,不僅便于學生記憶,而且還有助于培養學生概括、歸納能力,可謂一舉多得。
      2、語言要生動形象,增強趣味性
      教學語言是傳授知識的最重要的手段。在講課的過程中,要通過生動有趣、引人入勝的語言來調動學生的興趣,讓他們的思想因所學的歷史知識點而活躍起來。正如前蘇聯教育家蘇霍姆林斯基所說:“教師的語言素養在極大程度上決定著學生在課堂上的腦力勞動的效率”。www.zhidachem.com如果教學語言能寓教于樂、寓莊于諧,所取得的效果是意想不到的。在講解齊國文化時,就可以插話說,如今大家為“中國足球,何時出頭”而焦慮,可是在歷史上,中國早就因為足球而名震天下了,齊魯大地是世界足球的發源地,早在春秋時期齊國人已在玩“蹴鞠”了。這樣不僅能讓學生因為拓展的知識感到驚喜,還會促使他們深思。夸美紐斯說:教師的嘴,就是一個源泉,從那里可以發出知識的溪流。這句話說明了教師語言的重要性。但是,教師的課堂語言要象清澈的溪流,浪花翻滾,生動歡快,時時刻刻能碰撞激發出知識的火花,把學生的思維照亮,把課堂的氣氛點燃。而刻板、呆板的說教,像一潭死水的課堂語言,只能讓學生昏昏欲睡,失去對歷史學習的興趣。生動的歷史課堂語言,不在于追求語言的形式上,而是與授課的內容密切相關的、相輔相成,這既需要教師強化對語言基本功的提升,也需要教師進行深入充分的備課,多方面涉獵與課文內容緊密相關的內容,從而選擇出一種適合于歷史內容深入淺出、生動形象的語言,一種學生樂于接受的語言,從而提高課堂效率。
      3、語言要詼諧幽默。富于感染力
      教師善于運用幽默風趣的語言,不僅能有效地改變以往歷史課堂沉悶、枯燥乏味的現象,使學生易于接受知識,極大地增強他們學習歷史知識的興趣,也能讓學生在妙趣橫生的歷史課堂上享受學習的快樂。在學習秦漢文化中的“司馬遷與《史記》”一節內容時,我對學生說,按照慣例,當朝人一般不記錄當朝史,而司馬遷卻敢于秉筆直書,記述了從黃帝到漢武帝的史事,你們說司馬遷“猛不猛啊,直接敢說當朝老大的對錯”,學生哈哈大笑之時,也牢牢記住了這一重點知識。借助于幽默的語言,會使歷史教學變得輕松、快樂,又趣味無窮。在歷史教學中,善于發揮幽默語言的作用,已不僅停留在對內容記憶方面,而且表現在對內容深度的認識上,恰當、幽默的語言會具有日常語言所無法達到的效果。在歷史教學中,根據課堂內容需要增強幽默語言的運用,不失為一個提高教學質量的好方法。
      4、語言要富于啟發。誘導思維拓展
      要緊緊圍繞教學目的要求和教材的重點難點,精心設計富有較強啟發性、探索性、難易適度的問題,通過發揮語言藝術進行激趣,適時提出學生所產生或要解決的懸念,創設問題情境,誘發學生積極拓寬思維,思考展現在面前的歷史現象,從而培養學生的思考意識和認知能力。例如,學習《三國鼎立》時,對學生提出這樣.的問題:在官渡之戰和赤壁之戰兩大戰役中,曹操的軍隊分別是作戰的一方,為什么相距僅八年,會一勝一負截然相反呢?再如,學習《大變革的時代》時,設置這樣的疑問:“秦孝公死后,太子即位。守舊的貴族誣告商鞅謀反,結果商鞅被處死。請大家議一議,商鞅變法是成功了,還是失敗了?為什么?商鞅變法對我們今天有何指導意義?”激起學生懸念,引導學生處于當時歷史情景中深入思索,鼓勵學生暢所欲言,積極發表自己的見解,創造性地發現新問題,教師要及時釋疑解難,拓展學生思維,不斷提高其發現問題、分析問題、解決問題的能力。
      作為新形勢下的歷史教師,要生動鮮活地再現當年的歷史,打造生動、高效的歷史課堂,語言的藝術性至關重要。因此,一個優秀的、一個高素質的教師,必須在語言表達上多下功夫,要博覽群書,以掌握豐富的史學知識,提高文學修養,在實踐中不斷琢磨和加強自我訓練,不斷提高語言素養,才能做一個課堂生動、學生喜歡、教學相長的好教師。

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  •  更新時間:2013-09-12 13:01:48  作者:李定國 [標簽: 歷史 效率 效率 效率 效率 效率 效率 ]
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    淺談歷史情境教學中的語言再現法
    伊朗語言歷史的變化
    用歷史學科語言解決問題
    歷史課教學實效及其語言藝術性探索
    談歷史高效課堂中如何運用語言藝術
    歷史課堂教學語言藝術之我見
    歷史教學語言的基本要求
    歷史教學語言的藝術魅力
    新課標高中歷史語言教學藝術
    當代中國文化外交戰略的歷史嬗變
    基于初中歷史多媒體教學的探討
    淺析初中歷史教學中幾種意識的培養
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