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     歷史論文   傳統文化論文   當代中國論文   西方文化論文   社會文化論文   文化研究論文   文化戰略論文
    淺談歷史情境教學中的語言再現法

    淺談歷史情境教學中的語言再現法

      在歷史教學中,相對于文物圖片和音像資料等多媒體手段,語言再現法從表面上看缺乏生動、直觀的形象特點,但如此卻比實物和場景的再現能給學生帶來更大的思維空間,更有利于激發學生的想象能力和創造力。它既可以是教師生動的語言描述、充沛的感情流露,更可以是從史實出發以不同的角度提出一些具有啟發性和探究性的問題,讓學生在充滿想象的歷史情境中快樂地學習歷史、感悟歷史。對于語言再現法,我們可以從以下幾個方面入手:
      一、語言描述法
      在創設情境時教師伴以生動的語言描繪,使情境更加鮮活生動,激起學生情感的共鳴,并深化他們對知識的感知和理解。如,本文由論文聯盟http://收集整理
    在講義和團運動失敗,《辛丑條約》簽訂后,我們可以選用這樣一段話:“《辛丑條約》寫下了中國歷史上落后挨打最屈辱的一頁!義和團運動被中外反動勢力聯合絞殺了,但它粉碎了帝國主義列強瓜分中國的狂妄計劃,顯示了中國人民不屈不撓的抗爭精神和誓死
      抵御外侮的堅強決心!一代代中華兒女,一批批志士仁人,一次又一次的抗爭,一次又一次的失敗,多少人的錚錚鐵骨埋荒野,多少人的青春熱血付東流,中國的出路在哪里呀?長夜漫漫,道路迢迢,一場更大規模的革命風暴即將來臨!”這樣既突出了愛國主義教育,又為辛亥革命的教學埋下了伏筆。
      二、熱點切入法
      歷史教學要與現實緊密結合。在歷史教學中適時引入一些“熱點”問題,創設具有時代氣息的課堂教學情境,既能較好地體現歷史教學“古為今用,以史為鑒”的原則,又能更好地在教學活動中發揮學生的主動性和主體性。www.zhidachem.com
      如,在講述“甲午中日戰爭”一課時,我從近年來日本企圖吞并我釣魚島的陰謀和活動入手,導入對歷史上日本侵略我國罪行的揭露。接著說出這番話,“日本一再挑起釣魚島爭端,我們不禁要問:日本政府意欲何為?歷史是驚人的相似,我們不禁想起一百多年前的那場中日戰爭。今天就讓我們回到那個令中國蒙羞,令國人憤起的崢嶸年代……”由此開始把學生帶入預設的課堂情境,既激發了學生探究歷史知識的興趣,又適時進行了愛國主義的教育。
      三、合理想象法與巧妙設問法
      任何歷史現象的發生都有其必然性。歷史是不容假設的。但歷史情境教學離不開歷史想象。這種合理想象法能激發學生的求知欲望和勇于創新的興趣。例如,在講“戊戌政變”時,我講到“梁啟超得到消息,再三勸說譚嗣同和自己一起去日本,譚嗣同也不應允”時,提出問題讓學生討論:“譚嗣同該不該去日本暫時避難?”學生踴躍發言,但大多都是贊同逃難的觀點,主要原因就是“留得青山在,不怕沒柴燒。”我接著發問,“梁啟超跑了,康有為跑了,他們后來回來后有沒有繼續堅持變法圖強呢?”學生沉思,有學生回答,“沒有,他們墮落為保皇派,甚至反對辛亥革命。”趁機而入,我繼續發問,“譚嗣同的犧牲有沒有價值呢?”結合“我自橫刀向天笑,去留肝膽兩昆侖”的詩句,學生自然答出譚嗣同用自己的鮮血喚醒了麻木的國人,越來越多的仁人志士清醒過來,投入到革命的洪流中。在對歷史知識的感悟和理解中,情感、態度、價值觀教育也水到渠成。
      語言再現法不受時間地點和技術手段的限制,應該是應用最廣、最普遍的一種情境教學法。它看似信手拈來、引人入勝,但這背后需要教師深厚的知識儲備、靈活的教學策略、高超的語言水平。其實只要我們圍繞新課標,在備課上狠下工夫,積極收集相關資料,結合課堂實際靈活選用適當的方法,是不難做到的。

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  •  更新時間:2013-09-12 13:01:52  作者:于國 [標簽: 模式 小學 數學 ]
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    發表評論請遵守中國各項有關法律法規,評論內容只代表網友個人觀點,與本網站立場無關。
    伊朗語言歷史的變化
    談歷史語言課堂提高教學效率
    用歷史學科語言解決問題
    歷史課教學實效及其語言藝術性探索
    談歷史高效課堂中如何運用語言藝術
    歷史課堂教學語言藝術之我見
    歷史教學語言的基本要求
    歷史教學語言的藝術魅力
    新課標高中歷史語言教學藝術
    當代中國文化外交戰略的歷史嬗變
    淺談顏色詞看中西方文化異同
    淺談中西方文化的差異
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