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    漢語言文學教學課改之我見

    漢語言文學教學課改之我見

      漢語言文學是構建文明社會的人文基礎,在提高國民人文素質方面具有不可替代的作用。然而,隨著社會的不斷進步與發展,當前漢語言文學教學的現狀不容樂觀,存在教學模式因循守舊、教學方法和教學手段單一、教師綜合素質不高等問題,嚴重影響了漢語言文學教學作用的發揮。因此,針對漢語言教學現狀,對漢語言文學教學進行改革和創新已經勢在必行。
      1完善課程結構
      漢語言文學教學的最終目標是要培養本文由論文聯盟http://收集整理高層次、高水平的專業人才,為實現這一目標應將對學生綜合素質的培養不斷滲透到實際教學活動當中,并對漢語言文學的課程結構體系進行改革。應按照社會發展對人才的要求,加大漢語言文學選修課的比重,并在為學生打下扎實專業功底的基礎上,不斷延伸、拓展學科范圍,將一些與之相關專業的知識融入到漢語言文學教學內容當中,如哲學、史學、新聞學、公共關系學、美學、藝術、秘書學、國學以及影視等等。通過知識范圍的不斷擴大,一方面能夠使學生的專業素養有所提高,進而具備較高的綜合文化素質;另一方面,還能使學生對其他相關專業的知識有進一步的了解和掌握,這樣有利于學生應變能力、適應能力及創新能力的提高,從而成為社會需要的復合型、應用型人才。
      2改革教學方法
      教師不應過于強調知識的體系性和全面性,而應突出教學重點、突破教學難點、解決教學疑點。筆者建議應當采用以下幾種教學方法:其一,互動教學法,在課堂教學中營造師生互動、生生互動的教學氛圍,強化師生間的合作與交流,調動起學生參與教學活動的積極性,使其在互動學習的環境中不斷提高自我、完善自我;其二,探究式教學方法,教師應當在教學中有意識、有目的地培養學生質疑的精神,在師生共同質疑、相互質疑的過程中不斷探求問題的答案,最終達到解疑的目的;其三,自主式教學法,學校應當利用網絡信息技術,建立現代漢語資料庫,為學生提供課件、講義、考試試題、學生優秀作品以及研究成果等資源,使學生在網絡學習平臺上自主開展個性化學習,從而促進學生的個性化發展。www.zhidachem.com
      3用現代教學手段
      在實際教學中應充分發揮出現代信息技術的強大助推作用,促進漢語言教學方法不斷改革和創新,并推進漢語言文學發展與時代發展同步。現代信息技術一方面是多媒體在教學中的應用,教師可以借助多媒體技術形象生動、圖文并貌的特點,將漢語言教材中的文字內容與多媒體中的圖像、聲音結合到一起,并將文學作品中所要表達的場景在多媒體上顯示出來。這樣不僅能夠使學生更容易體會作者的思想,并且還能夠使學生有一種身臨其境的感悟,進而獲得最佳的成效。另一方面則是網絡信息資源在漢語言教學中的應用,教師先確定好某一個課堂主題所需的信息資源,然后引導學生在課后進行上網檢索和討論,然后在課堂上同學之間交流經驗和成果,為學生創造一個能夠展示自我能力的空間,以此來培養學生的實踐能力,同時也可以使教學方法不斷創新。
      4滲透德育教學
      為了落實素質教育理念,應將德育教學滲透于漢語言文學教學中,這樣不僅有利于提高漢語言文學的教學成效,還有利于加快學生的思想道德建設。教師應針對漢語言文學的學科特色,在教學過程中善于把握德育教育的最佳時機,培養學生熱愛祖國語言文字的感情、熱愛中華民族優秀文化的感情,增強愛國主義精神。漢語言文學是傳統的人文學科,是體現中華民族意識和傳統文化的載體,擔負著中國精神文明和新時期人文關懷建設的重任。所以,漢語言文學教學更應當注重學生精神層面的教育,立足于健全學生道德體系,使學生在學習中形成正確的人生觀、價值觀和世界觀,不斷提高學生的自我約束力和判斷力。
      5提高教師綜合素質
      就我國當前的教育體制而言,已經不再僅僅局限于培養掌握知識的學生,而是要培養具有較強的綜合素質、能夠適應社會發展需要的應用型人才。站在學生的角度上考慮,通過系統專業的漢語言文學學習,可以使學生在學習的過程中積累濃厚的文化底蘊,這對于學生整體素質的提高有著十分重要的作用。作為一名優秀的漢語言文學教師應拋棄以往傳統的教學理念,并不斷轉變教育觀念,提高自身的文學素養,以此來勝任漢語言文學教學工作。教師的專業文化主要體現在以下幾個方面上:其一,應具有深厚的文學素養,掌握多方面的基礎理論知識,如現代文學、古代文學、外國文學、現代漢語以及古代漢語等等,并熟練掌握一些與漢語言文學有關的基礎理論知識和基本技能,如新聞專業、文秘專業等;其二,應了解一些與教育科學知識相關的內容,如心理學、教育學等;其三,應具備終身學習意識。現階段我國已經逐步進入學習型社會,這就要求教師應樹立研究性的學習思想和終身學習意識,不斷在教學實踐中更新專業理論、獲取新知識、掌握新的教育動態,并以現有的知識為基礎,構建新的教學方法和教育思想,借此來產生出新的教學成果。

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  •  更新時間:2013-08-16 21:36:07  作者:曹永軍 [標簽: 漢語 文學 漢語 文學 漢語 文學 漢語 ]
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